Bitcoin. Satoshi Nakamoto. 2009

Libro Blanco de Bitcoin. Por: Satoshi Nakamoto. 2009. Ingles-Español.

Libro Blanco de Bitcoin.

Por: Satoshi Nakamoto.

2009.

Ingles – Español.

Bitcoin: Un Sistema de Efectivo Electrónico Usuario-a-Usuario
Satoshi Nakamoto
satoshin@gmx.com
http://www.bitcoin.org
Traducido al Español de bitcoin.org/bitcoin.pdf
por Angel León – http://www.diariobitcoin.com


Abstract.

Una versión puramente electrónica de efectivo permitiría que los pagos
en línea fuesen enviados directamente de un ente a otro sin tener que pasar por
medio de una institución financiera. Firmas digitales proveen parte de la solución, pero los beneficios principales se pierden si existe un tercero confiable para prevenir el doble-gasto. Proponemos una solución al problema del doble gasto utilizando una red usuario-a-usuario. La red coloca estampas de tiempo a las transacciones al crear un hash de las mismas en una cadena continua de pruebas de trabajo basadas en hashes, formando un registro que no puede ser cambiado sin volver a recrear la prueba de trabajo. La cadena más larga no solo sirve como la prueba de la secuencia de los eventos testificados, sino como prueba de que vino del gremio de poder de procesamiento de CPU más grande. Siempre que la mayoría del poder de procesamiento de CPU esté bajo el control de los nodos que no cooperan para atacar la red, estos generarán la cadena más larga y le llevarán la ventaja a los atacantes. La red en sí misma requiere una estructura mínima. Los mensajes son enviados bajo la base de mejor esfuerzo, y los nodos pueden irse y volver a unirse a la red como les parezca, aceptando la cadena de prueba de trabajo de lo que sucedió durante su ausencia.

(…)

A Cyberpunk Manifesto / Un Manifiesto Ciberpunk English. Español.

Cyberpunk Manifesto / Manifiesto Ciberpunk English. Español.

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English – Español

A Cyberpunk Manifesto

By Christian As. Kirtchev

We are the ELECTRONIC MINDS, a group of free-minded rebels. Cyberpunks.

We live in Cyberspace, we are everywhere, we know no boundaries.

This is our manifest. The Cyberpunks’ manifest.

I. Cyberpunk

1/ We are those, the Different. Technological rats, swimming in the ocean of information. 2/ We are the retiring, little kid at school, sitting at the last desk, in the corner of the classroom. 3/ We are the teenager everybody considers strange 4/ We are the student hacking computer systems, exploring the depth of his reach. 5/ We are the grown-up in the park, sitting on a bench, laptop on his knees, programming the last virtual reality. 6/ Ours is the garage, stuffed with electronics. The soldering iron in the corner of the desk and the nearby disassembled radio- they are also ours. Ours is the cellar with computers, buzzing printers and beeping modems. 7/ We are those that see reality in a different way. Our point of view shows more than ordinary people can see. They see only what is outside, but we see what is inside. That’s what we are – realists with the glasses of dreamers. 8/ We are those strange people, almost unknown to the neighborhood. People, indulged in their own thoughts, sitting day after day before the computer, ransacking the net for something. We are not often out of home, just from time to time, only to go to the nearby radio shack, or to the usual bar to meet some of the few friends we have, or to meet a client, or to the backstreet druggist… or just for a little walk. 9/ We do not have many friends, only a few with whom we go to parties. Everybody else we know we know on the net. Our real friends are there, on the other side of the line. We know them from our favorite IRC channel, from the News-Groups, from the systems we hang-around: 10/ We are those who don’t give a shit about what people think about us, we don’t care what we look like or what people talk about us in our absence. 11/ The majority of us likes to live in hiding, being unknown to everybody except those few we must inevitably contact with. 12/ Others love publicity, they love fame. They are all known in the underground world. Their names are often heard there. But we are all united by one thing – we are Cyberpunks.

13/ Society does not understand us, we are “weird” and “crazy” people in the eyes of the ordinary people who live far from information and free ideas. Society denies our way of thinking – a society, living, thinking and breathing in one and only one way – a clichc. 14/ They deny us for we think like free people, and free thinking is forbidden. 15/ The Cyberpunk has outer appearance, he is no motion. Cyberpunks are people, starting from the ordinary and known to nobody person, to the artist-technomaniac, to the musician, playing electronic music, to the superficial scholar. 16/ The Cyberpunk is no literature genre anymore, not even an ordinary subculture. The Cyberpunk is a stand-alone new culture, offspring of the new age. A culture that unites our common interests and views. We are a unit. We are Cyberpunks.

II. Society

Leer más “A Cyberpunk Manifesto / Un Manifiesto Ciberpunk English. Español.”

MANIFIESTO DEL ARTE PARA LA ERA BITCOIN

Manifiesto del Arte para la Era Bitcoin. Colectivo ecoe DAO

Manifiesto del Arte para la Era Bitcoin

Manifiesto del Arte para la Era Bitcoin

Art Manifest for the Bitcoin Era

Manifeste d’art pour l’ère du Bitcoin

BTC a mano

Creemos en el ser humano y en nuestro derecho al bienestar.

We believe in the human being and in our right to welfare.

Nous croyons en l’être humain et en notre droit au bien-être.

BTC a mano

Praxis Individual + Compromiso Social = Valor Propio + Riqueza Colectiva.

Individual Praxis + Social Commitment = Own Value + Collective Wealth.

Praxis Individuelle + Engagement Social = Valeur Propre + Richesse Collective.

BTC a mano

Crea. Copia. Adapta. Comparte.

Create. Copy. Adapt. Share.

Crée. Copie. Adapte. Partage.

REGISTRO

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MIRROR. Blog.

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Punto de Fuga

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MANIFIESTO DEL ARTE PARA LA ERA BITCOIN (Versión 2 .PDF)

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MANIFIESTO DEL ARTE PARA LA ERA BITCOIN (Versión 1 .PDF)

*

ARTE. PEDAGOGÍA. BITCOIN

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